Vous pouvez consulter librement le résumé de chacune des études en cliquant sur ce lien et en indiquant le nom des auteurs et le titre de l'étude. Exemple sur les premières études.
1. Torgerson JS :son, Lissner L, Lindroos AK, Kruijer H, Sjõstrõm L. VLCD plus diatary and behavioural support versus support alone in the treatment of severe obesity. A randomised two-year clinical trial. Int J Obes 1997; 21: 987-994. Résumé
2. Kern PA. A prudent and practical approach to the treatment of obesity. J Ark Med Soc 1997; Oct;94(5):191-7. Résumé
3. Pekkarinen T, Takala I, Mustajoki P. Weight loss with very-low-calorie diet and cardiovascular risk factors in moderately obese women: one-year follow-up study including ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Int J Obes 1998 Jul;22(7):661-6. Résumé
4. Dessanzo V, Ravenna M, Olkies A, Meaglia D. Morbid Obesity. An Integral, Intensive and Ambulatyory Approach. Results after 3 years in the Treatment of Extreme Obesity. Int J Obes. Volume 26. Supplement 1. August 2002; S101: 381.
5. Tschochner R, Keopold K, Hagen H, Funk S, Rattenberger A, Linder W, Kreglinger N, Wechsler JG. Body Weight and Life-style Modification after a Weight Reduction Program. Int J Obes. Volume 26. Supplement 1. August 2002; S101: 384.
6. Olkies A, Ravenna M, Meaglia D. Obesity and Maintenance Program. Results after 3 years. Int J Obes. Volume 26. Supplement 1. August 2002; S101: 178.
7. Beeson V, Kreitzman S, Blair B. Successful Long Term Management of Obesity in General Medical Practice. Int J Obes. Volume 22. Supplement 3. August 1998; S290: P742.
8. Saris Wim H.M. Very-Low-Calorie Diets and Sustained Weight Loss. Obesity Research Vol. 9. Supplement 4. November 2001; 295S-301S.
9. Anderson James W, Vichitbandra Satit, Qian Wei, Kryscio Richard J. Long-Term Weight Maintenance after an Intensive Weight-Loss Program. J American College of Nutrition, Vol. 18, No. 6, 620-627 (1999)
10. Lidner Peter G., Blackburn George L. Multidisciplinary Approach To Obesity Utilizing Fasting Modified by Protein-Sparing Therapy. Obesity/Bariatric Med. Vol. 5, No. 6, 1976.
11. The National Task Force on the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. Very Low-Calorie Diets. JAMA, August 25, 1993 – Vol. 270, No. 8;
12. George A. Bray, Bouchard Claude, James W.P.T. “Handbook of Obesity” ; 878-881. Marcel Dekker, Inc. 270 Madison Avenue, New York 10016.
13. Henry Robert R., Gumbiner Barry. Benefit and Limitations of Very-Low-Calorie Diet Therapy in Obese NIDDM. Diabetes Care, Vol. 14,
No. 9, September 1991.
14. Björntorp Per, Brodoff Bernard N. “Obesity” ; 683-707. J.B. Lippincott Company, East Washington Square, Philadelphie, Pennsylvania 19105.
15. Henry Robert R., Gumbiner Barry. Benefit and Limitations of Very-Low-Calorie Diet Therapy in Obese NIDDM. Diabetes Care, Vol. 14,
No. 9 : 810. September 1991.
16. Klem ML et al. A descriptive study of individuals successful at long-term maintenance of substantial weight loss. Am J Clin Nutr, 1997:66:239-46.
17. Pekkarinen T., Mustajoki P. Comparison of Behavior therapy with and without very-low-energy diet in the treatment of morbid obesity. A 5 year outcome. Arch Int Med 1997,157(july) 28):1581-85.
18. Hankey CR, Rumley A, Lowe GDO, Woodward M, Lean MEJ. Moderate weight reduction improves red cell aggregation and factor VII activity in overweight subjects. Int J Obes (1997) 21,644-650.
19. Rössner S, Van Gaal LF, Williamson DF. Discussion Panel 1: What are the benefits of moderate weight loss ? Int J Ùobes(1997) 21,Suppl. 1,
20. Guyton Arthur C. Traité de physiologie médicale. Doin éditeurs-Paris 1989. p. 834-38.
21. Black GL, Flatt JP, Cloves GH Jr, Odeonnell TF, Hensle T. Protein sparing therapy during periods of starvation with sepsis and trauma. Ann Surg 177 :588-94, 1973.
22. Genuth SM, Castro JH, Vertes V. Weight reduction in obesity by outpatient semistarvation. JAMA 230:987-91, 1974.
23. Guyton Arthur C. Traité de physiologie médicale. Doin éditeurs-Paris 1989. p. 887.
24. Forbes GB, Welle SL : Lean body mass in obesity. Int J Obes 7: 99-107, 1983.
25. Halliday D, Hesp R, Stalley SF, Warwick P, Altman DG, Garrow JS : Resting metabolic rate, weight, surface area and body composition in obese women. Int J Obes 3:1-6, 1979.
26. Wilson JHP. Lambert SWJ: Nitrogen Balance in obese patients receiving a very low caloric liquid formula diet. Am J Clin Nutr 32: 1612-16, 1979.
27. Brown MR, Klish WJ, Hollander J, Campbell MA, Forbes GB: A high protein, low calorie liquid diet in the treatment of very obese adolescents : long-term effect on lean body mass. Am J Clin Nutr 38:20-31, 1983.
28. Burgess NS. Effect of a very low calorie diet on body composition and resting metabolic rate in obese men and women. J Am Diet Assoc. 1991;91 : 430-34.
29. Barrows K, Snook JT. Effect of a high-protein, very-low-calorie diet on body composition and anthropometric parameters of obese middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1987; 45:381-390.
30. Wadden TA, Bartlett SJ. Very low calorie diets: an overview and appraisal. In : Wadden TA, Van Itallie TB, eds. Treatment of the Seriously Obese Patient. New York, NY Guilford Press; 1992: 44-79.
31. Ballor DL, McCarthy JP, Wilterlink EJ. Exercise intensity does not affect the composition of diet and exercise-induced body mass loss. Am J Clin Nutr. 1990;51: 142-46.
32. Dhindsa P, Scott AR, Donnelly R. Metabolic and cardiovascular effects of very-low-calorie diet therapy in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes in secondary failure : outcome after 1 year. Diabet Med 2003 Apr;20(4):319-24.
33. Wing Renar R. Treatment of Obesity in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. In : Eating Disorders and Obesity. (eds) Christopher G Fairburn and Kelly D. Brownell pp. 579. The Guilford Press 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012.
34. Amatruda JM, Richeson JF, Welle SL, et al. The safety and efficacy of a controlled low-energy diet in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes and obesity. Arch Intern Med 1988; 148:873-877.
35. Anderson JW, Hamilton CC, Brinkman-Kaplan V. Benefits and risks of an intensive very-low-calorie diet program for severe obesity. Am J Gastroenterol 1992; 87:6-15.
36. Wing RR. Use of very-low-calorie diets in the treatment of obese persons with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995; 95:569-572.
37. Atkinson RL, Kaiser DL. Effects of calorie Restriction and weight loss on glucose and insulin levels in obese humans. J Am Coll Nutr 4:411, 1985.
38. Bistrian BR, Blackburn GL, Flatt JP et al: Nitrogen metabolism and insulin requirements in obese diabetic adults on a protein sparing modified fast. Dabetes 25: 496, 1976.
39. DiBiase G, Mattioli PL, Contaldo F et al: A very-low-calorie formula diet (Cambridge diet) for the treatment of diabetic-obese patients. Int J Obes 5: 319, 1981.
40. Genuth SM, Vertes V, Hazelton J: Supplemental fasting in the treatment of obesity. In: Bray G (ed): Recent Advances in Obesity Research , pp. 370.London, Newman, 1978.
41. Linder PG, Blackburn GL: Multidisciplinary approach to obesity utilizing fasting modified by protein-sparing therapy. Obes Bariatr Med 5:198, 1976.
42. Wing RR, Marcus MD, Salata R, Epstein LH, Miaskiewicz S, Blair EH. Effects of a very-low-calorie diet on long-term glycemic control in obese type 2 diabetic subjects. Arch Intern Med 1991 Jul; 151(7): 1334-40.
43. Henry RR, Scheaffer L, Olefsky JM: Glycemic effects of intensive caloric restriction and isocaloric refeeding in noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 61: 917-25, 1985.
44. Henry RR, Wallace P, Olefsky JM: Effectsof weight loss on mechanisms of hyperglycemia in obese non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetes 35: 990-98, 1986.
45. Kreitzman SN. Clinical experience with a very low calorie diet, in Blackburn GL, Bray GA (eds), Management of Obesity by Severe Cjaloric Restriction. Littleton, MA, PSG, 1985, pp. 359-367.
46. Ditschuneit H, Wechsler JG, Ditschuneit HH. Clinical Experience with a Very Low Calorie Diet. In : Management of Obesity by Severe Caloric Restriction. (eds): George L. Blackburn, George Bray. PSG Publishing Company, Inc., 545 Great Road, Littleton, Massachusetts 01460. pp 325.
47. Atkinson RL. Low and very low calorie diets. Med Clin North Am. 1989; 73:2-3-215.
48. Wadden TA , Van Itallie TB, Blackburn GL. Responsible and irresponsible use of very-low-calorie diets in the treatment of obesity. JAMA. 1990; 263:83-85.
49. Atkinson RL, Kaiser DL. Nonphysician supervision of a very-low calorie diet : results in over 200 cases. Int J Obes. 1981; 5:237-241.
50. Lockwood DH, Amatruda JM. Very low calorie diets in the management of obesity. Annu Rev Med. 1984 : 35:373-381.
51. Wadden TA, Foster GD. Behavioral assessment and treatment of markedly obese patients. In: Wadden TA, Van Itallie TB, eds. Treatment of the Seriously obese patient. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 1992: 29-0330.
52. Genuth Saul M. Perspective on Very Low Calorie Diets in the treatment of Obesity. In : Management of Obesity by Severe Caloric Restriction. George L. Blackburn, George A. Bray. pp 30. PSG Publishing Company, Inc. 545 Great Road, Littleton, Massachusetts 01460.
53. De Silva Regis A. Ionic, Catecholamine, and Dietary Effects on Cardiac Rythm. In : Management of Obesity by Severe Caloric Restriction. George L. Blackburn, George A. Bray. pp 186. PSG Publishing Company, Inc. 545 Great Road, Littleton, Massachusetts 01460.
54. Bristrian BR. Clinical use of a protein-sparing modified fast. JAMA . 1978; 240: 2299-2302.
55. Dietz WH, Wolfe RR. Interrelationships of glucose and prortein metabolism in obese adolescents during short-term hypocaloric dietary therapy. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985; 42:380-390.
56. Merritt RJ, Bistrian BR, Blackburn GL, Susking RM. Consequences of modified fasting in obese pediatric adolescent patients I: protein-sparing modified fast. J Pediatr. 1980; 96: 13-19.
57. PencharzPB, Motil KJ, Parsons JH, Duffy BJ. The effectg of an energy restricted diet on the protein metabolism of obese adolescents: nitrogen-balance and whole-body nitrogen turnover.
Clin Sc. 1980; 59:13-18.
58. Zwiauer K, Schmidinger H, Klicpera M, Mayr H., Widhalm K. 24-jours electrocardiographic monitoring in obese children and adolescents during a 3 week low calorie diet (500 kcal).
Int J Obes. 1989:13 (suppl2 ):101-105.
59. The Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health. Washington, DC: US Public Health Service; 1988. US Dept of Health and Human Services publication PHS 88-50210.
60. Wadden TA, Stunkard AJ, Brownell KD. Very low calorie diets : their efficacy, safety, and future. Ann Intern Med. 1983:99:675-684.
61. Genuth Saul M. Perspective on Very Low Calorie Diets in the Treatment of Obesity. In : Management of Obesity by Severe Caloric Restriction (eds) George L. Blackburn, George A. Bray. PSG Publishing Company Inc. 545 Great Road, Littleton, Massachusetts 01460. pp 22.
62. Henry Robert R., Gumbiner B. Benefits and Limitations of Very-Low-Calorie Diet Therapy in Obese NIDDM. Diabetes Care, Vol. 14, No. 9, September 1991, pp 805.
63. Wadden TA, Stunkard AJ, Brownell KD. Very low calorie diets : their efficacy, safety, and future. Ann Intern Med. 99:675, 1983.
64. Apfelbaum M, Fricker J, Igoin-Apfelbaum L. Low and very-low-calorie diets. Am J Clin Nutr 45:1126, 1987.
65. Bogardus C, LaGrange BM, Horton ES, et al. Comparison of carbohydrate-containing and carbohydrate-restricted hypocaloric diets in the treatment of obesity. J Clin Invest 68;399, 1981.
66. Daivie MWJ, Abraham RR, Hewins B, et al. Changes in bone and muscle constituents during dieting for obesity. Clin Sci 70:285, 1986.
67. Howard AN, Grant A, Edwards O, et al. The treatment of obesity with a very-low-calorie liquid formula diet : An inpatient/outpatient comparison using skimmed milk as the chief protein source. Int J Obes 2:321, 1978.
68. McLean Baird I, Howard AN. A double-blind trial of mazindol using a very low-calorie formula diet. Int J Obes 1:271, 1977.
69. Van Gaal Luc F. Dietary Treatment of Obesity. In: Handbook of Obesity. (eds) Bray George A, Bouchard Claude, James WPT. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, pp 878.
70. Kinwanski S,Chalmers TC. Fat content of very-low-calorie diets and gallstone formation. JAMA 40:865, 1992.
71. Sichleri R, Everhart JE, Roth H. A prospective study of hospitalization with gallstone disease among women: Role of dietary factors, fasting period, and dieting. Am J Pub Health 81:880, 1991.;
72.Gebhard RL, Ansel HJ, Peterson FJ, et al. Gallbladder emptying stimuli in obese and normal weight subjects. Hepatology 12:898, 1990.
73. Foster GD, Wadden TA, Peterson FJ, Letizia Ka, Bartlett SJ, Conill AM. A controlled comparison of three very-low-calorie diets: effects on weight, body composition, and symptoms. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;55:811-817.
74. Hoffer JC, Froidevaux F, Schutz Y, Christin L, Jequier E. Energy expenditure in obese women before and during weight loss, after refeeding, and in the weight-relapse period. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993;57:35.42.
75. Van Gaal Luc F. Dietary Treatment of Obesity. In: Handbook of Obesity. (eds) Bray George A, Bouchard Claude, James WPT. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, pp 879, 1998.
76. Wadden TA, Bartlett SJ. Very low calorie diets : an overview and appraisal. In: Wadden TA, Van Itallie TB, (eds.) Treatment of the Seriously Obese Patient. New York, NY : Guilford Press ; 1992:44-79.
77. Ballor DL, McCarthy JP, Wilterdink EJ. Exercise intensity does not affect the composition of diet and exercise-induced body mass loss. Am J Clin Nutr. 1990;51:142-146.
78. VanLoan M. Mayclin P. Bioelectrical impedance analysis : Is it a reliable indicator of lean body mass and total body water ? Hum Biol 1987; 59:299-309.
79. Deurewnberg P, Vanderkooy Y Leenan R, Westrate J, Seidell JC. Sex and age spécefic population prediction formulas for estimagting body composition from bioelectrical impedance : a cross-validation study. Int J Obes 1991; 15:17-25.
80. Segal KR, Gutin B, Presta E et al: Estimation of human composition by electrical impedance methods: Acomparative study. J Appl Physiol 58:1565, 1985.
81. Hodgdon JA, Fitzgerald PI: Validity of impedance predictions at various levels of fatness. Hum Biol 59:281, 1987.
82. Segal KR, Van Loan M, Fitzgerald PI et al: Lean body mass estimation by bioelectrical impedance analysis: A four-site cross-validation. Am J Clin Nutr 47:7, 1988.
83. Gray DS. Changes in bioelectrical impedance during fasting. Am J Clin Nutr 48:1184, 1988.
84. Lukaski HC, Johnson PE, Bolonchuk WW, et al: Assessement of fat-free mass using bioelectrical impedance measurements of the human body. Am J Nutr 41:810, 1985.
85. Ross R, LegerL, Martin P, et al. Sensitivity of bioelectrical impedance to detect changes in human body composition. J Appl Physiol 67:1643, 1989.
86. Rising R, Swinburn B, Larson K, et al. Body composition in Pima Indians: Validation of bioelectrical resistance. Am J Clin Nutr 53:594, 1991.
87. Deurenberg P. Weststrate JA, Hautvast JGAJ. Changes in fat-free mass during weight loss measured by bioelectrical impedance and by densitometry. Am J Clin Nutr 49:33, 1989.
88. Cox-Reijven PL, Soeters PB. Validation of bio-impedance spectroscopy : Effects of degree of obesity and ways of calculating volumes from measured resistance values. Int J Obes(2000) 24, 271-280.
89. Heymsfield Steven B, Allison David B, Wang Zi-Mian, Baumgartner Richard N, Ross Robert. Evaluation of Total and Regional Body Composition. In: Handbook of Obesity, (eds) George A Bray, Claude Bouchard, WPT James. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. pp 65, 1998.
90. Heymsfield SB, Noel RA. Radiographic analysis of body composition by computerized axial tomography, in: Newell Gr, Ellison NM (eds), Nutrition and Cancer. New York. Raven Press, 1981, pp. 161-172.
91. Heymsfield SB. Human body composition: Analysis by computerized axial tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance, In: AIN Symposium Proceedings. Bethesda, MD, American Institute of Nutrition, 1987, pp. 92-96.
92. Sjcstrom L, Kvist H, Cederblad A et al. Determination of total adipose tissue and body fat in women by computed tomography. K40, and tritium. Am Physiol Soc 250:E36, 1986.
93. Lewis DS, Rollwitz WL, Bertrand HA, et al. Use of NMR for measurement of total body water and estimation of body fat. J Appl Physiol 60:836, 1986.
94. Gumby P. The new wave in medicine: Nuclear magnetic resonance. JAMA 247:151, 1982.
95. Bryner RW, Ullrich IH, Sauers J, Donley D, Hornsby G, Kolar M. Effects of resistance vs. aerobic training combined with 800 calorie liquid diet on lean body mass and resting metabolic rate. J Am Coll Nutr, 18(2):115.21, 1999 Apr.
96. Davis Peter, Phinney Stephen. Use of Exercise for Weight Control. In: Obesity Pathophysiology Psychology and Treatment. George L. Blackburn, Beatrice S. Kanders (eds), pp. 225.
97. Donnelly J, Jackson D, Pronk N, et al. Effects of very low calorie diet (VLCD) and exercise on body composition and metabolic rate. Med Sci Sports Exerc 21:S32, 1989.
98. Segal KR, Gutin B, Albu J, et al. Thermic effects of food and exercise in lean and obese men of similar lean body mass. Am J Physiol 252:E110, 1987.